26. March 2012 · Comments Off on The fight to save Waverley Market is now over · Categories: Common Good, Land Reform, Land Rights, Legal affairs, Long Leases Bill, Poor had no Lawyers


In the Stage 1 debate on the Long Leases Bill, Stewart Stevenson, the Minister in charge of the Bill announced that the Scottish Government were looking at possibility of exempting Waverley Market on the basis that it was the subject to existing statutory provisions. It is hoped that this will come to pass. The following blog is now out of date.


Previous posts on this topic can be found here. The Long Leases (Scotland) Bill provides for all leases of over 175 years with at least 100 years left to run to convert automatically to full ownership.

The Scottish Parliament’s Rural Affairs, Climate and Environment Committee has published its Stage 1 Report on the Long Leases (Scotland) Bill. It is one of the worst Stage 1 reports I have read. Many of the Committee’s recommendations go no further than “noting” issues or concerns and “anticipating” that the Scottish Government may bring forward amendments. There is no point in Stage 1 scrutiny by a Committee if it merely “notes” matters. The job of MSPs is to gather evidence and to come to a clear view on the way forward through a series of recommendations for changes or amendments to the bill.

I and others (including a number of Scotland’s councils) have, since the bill was first published last session in November 2010, been arguing for the exemption of common good land from the scope of the bill. I think that these arguments have been well made. I acknowledge, however, that it is Parliament which makes the laws of the land and that the views of myself and others may be rejected.

So it is with some significant regret that I conclude today that the fight for the common good is effectively over. In particular it is now clear that the site of the Waverley Market on Princes Street is now going to be handed over to David Murray for 40p. I and others have had our differences with the City of Edinburgh Council over the common good status of this site but I welcomed the stance of the Council that (setting aside whether the land is common good or not) the land should be exempt.

What makes this a bitter pill to swallow is the Committee’s pathetic vacillating on the matter. In their conclusions on whether there should be an exemption for common good, the report states,

“The Committee is not persuaded by the arguments made thus far to exempt ultra-long leases on common good land, however, neither is the case against this exemption been a clear and compelling one.” (para 127)

After voluminous written evidence, hours of oral evidence and in house services of the Scottish Parliament’s legal and research staff, the Committee cannot actually make up its mind. As I say, I accept that the arguments that I and others care to make may be rejected by Scotland’s legislature, but I never thought I would witness the day when MSPs simply refuse to reach a conclusion.

What makes this all the more bizarre is that in the previous section of the report which considers the general question of common good, the Committee conclude that,

“The Committee believes, however, that despite evidence that relatively few numbers would be involved, such leases could be of significant importance to the public interest of the people of Scotland.” (para 112)

I am not clear what this sentence means but it appears to suggest that the Committee believe that common good property held on long leases is important to the citizens of Scotland’s burghs. Only it is not important enough to reach a clear view on whether those citizens should lose their property……

The report covers the specific question of the Waverley Market in paragraphs 136 to 159. In paragraph 147, the Committee concludes that it is not for them to reach a view on what is and what is not common good. I agree with that and, for the record, neither I nor any of the other witnesses asked them to do so.

The Council argues that it is important for it to retain ownership of the site which is let on a 206 year lease which expires in 2188. In paragraph 154, Bill Miller is quoted outlining the self-evident case that the Council as owner of the site can exercise a degree of control through ownership that it would not be able to do through merely being the planning authority. The Minister, Stewart Stevenson, is then quoted making what is only one in a number of irrelevant and arrogant remarks which completely miss the point (the issue is not whether planning controls apply but whether the Council retains ownership). In paragraph 157, he even fails to appreciate the difference between a parcel of public land (which in my view is common good) and other sites such as the Balmoral Hotel and Marks & Spencer’s on Princes Street.

The Committee then reach their dismissive and languid conclusion.

158. The Committee is aware that this is a contentious area and has heard conflicting views from witnesses. The Committee believes that the case for exempting the Edinburgh Waverley Market site from the Bill has still to be made.

159. It is not for this Committee to make such a case and therefore the Committee notes the evidence that it has received on the matter and will consider any further information provided to it should the Bill progress to Stage 2.

It is worth highlighting that their claim that they have heard “conflicting views from witnesses” misrepresents the facts. Everyone who gave written evidence on this specific topic supported an exemption. It was only the Minister who opposed the proposal and he did so as a consequence of misunderstanding the issue (he countered the proposition by making an argument about planning controls rather than ownership).

I would write more but am too despondent to do so.

Waverley Market RIP.


13. January 2012 · Comments Off on Waverley Market (again) · Categories: Common Good, Democracy, Land Rights, Legal affairs, Long Leases Bill, Poor had no Lawyers

The Scottish Government has re-introduced its Long Leases Bill which fell in the last Session of Parliament when it ran out of time. See previous posts on topic here and here and my written evidence to previous Bill Committee.

Put simply, the Bill converts any lease of over 175 years with at least 100 years to run into full ownership – automatically. One of David Murray’s companies currently leases the site of the Waverley Market (now with Princes Mall shopping centre built) for 1p a year on a 206 year lease which expires in 2188. David Murray thus stands to obtain full ownership of this common good asset for 40p (actually, since he has probably never paid the 1p, the cost will be £0.00)

The Scottish Government noted previous concerns and resisted them. In the current, re-introduced Bill, they resist once again. Quite why I cannot fathom.

I do not have the stomach or time to fight this again. If civic Edinburgh wants to leave a legacy to future generations in 2188 (I know it’s a long time), it needs to put up a fight now. If it chooses not to, that’s fine – just be sure you think about it and decide one way or another.

17. January 2011 · Comments Off on Long Leases (Scotland) Bill II · Categories: Common Good, Edinburgh, Land Rights, Legal affairs, Long Leases Bill

I will be in Parliament tomorrow (Tuesday 18 January) giving evidence to the Justice Committee on the Long Leases (Scotland) Bill. I will be seeking to exempt common good land from the provisions of the bill which allows for all land held on a lease of over 175 years and with over 100 years left to run to be converted automatically to full ownership.

The case which inspires my interest in this is that of the Waverley Market, referred to in a previous post. I remain of the view that this land forms part of the Common Good of the City of Edinburgh but, in their evidence (available here at LL5), the Council continue to refute this. What is interesting about the Council’s evidence is that it contines to avoid specifying the precise legal grounds, either statutory or derived from case law, upon which its position rests. Attempts are underway to find out what these grounds are but until they become clear, I have good authority for my assertion that the site is common good.

The Council’s argument (which is laid out plainly in their evidence) is that because it was a fruit and vegetable market, hence it was common good. Accordingly, in 1938, when it ceased to be a market, it ceased to be common good.

My argument is that the market has nothing to do with this. The site became part of the common good as a consequence of being acquired by the Common Good Fund as part of the land assembly for the New Town in the late 19th century. Furthermore, markets were speficially removed from the common good by Section 145 of the Edinburgh Corporation Act 1967 (by which time Waverley Market was no longer a market). This highlights my argument that common good status can only be removed by statute, by court order, or by selling the property outright to a third party.

Incidentally, what really happened in the 1930s was that the Edinburgh Corporation Act of 1933 provided that all market rights (which were held by citizens and gave them legal rights to take their produce to market) would be abolished if and when the market was closed. It was then closed and moved in 1938 which is the point at which the Council claims that the common good status disappeared. In fact, all that happened was that it ceased to be a market and was still common good (and is referred to as common good in a later Act of 1950).

Despite the specific disagreement over the Waverley Market, I welcome the fact that the City of Edinburgh Council support the exemption of common good land from the provisions of the Long Leases Bill. They also argue for an exemption for where the grassum (an initial payment on a long lease) divided by the term of the lease is over £100. This matches the existing exemption for all commercial leases with an annual rent of over £100. This suggests that such a situation applies to the Waverley Market but I do not know since I have not seen the lease for a long time.